Web3 Forensics & How It Can Prevent Scams

Remanent by Phyllo
4 min readApr 11, 2023

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Web3 holds power to revolutionize the way we live and work through decentralized, trustless interactions. However, scams exist in this space as well.

In fact, Web3-based scams have become increasingly common in recent years. According to a report, the Web3 industry registered 167 major attacks in 2022 which led to a total loss of more than $3.6 billion. This makes it imperative for Web3 forensics experts to step in and prevent such malicious activities.

But what exactly is Web3 forensics?

In this blog post, we’ll look closely at Web3 forensics. We’ll deep-dive into how it can help prevent fraud and scams in the Web3 world.

Understanding Web3 Forensics

Web3 forensics is a type of digital forensics that investigates and analyzes digital assets on the blockchain. Web3 forensics experts use various tools and techniques to inspect blockchain transactions, metadata, and other digital artifacts to detect fraudulent activities.

Web3 forensics are essential for maintaining trust in this ecosystem.

They prevent fraud and scams, which can undermine the legitimacy of the blockchain network and discourage users from participating in Web3 applications.

Common Types of Web3 Frauds and Scams

There are numerous types of Web3 fraud and scams, but we can combat them. Here are some of the most common types of Web3 frauds -

  1. Phishing: Here, scammers trick users into revealing their private keys or passwords by creating fake websites or apps.
  2. ICO Scams: Projects use Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) to raise funds in the Web3. However, scammers create fake ICOs and raise funds from unsuspecting investors, only to disappear with the funds.
  3. Rug Pulls: A rug pull is a type of scam where the developer or team behind a Web3 project suddenly pulls out all the liquidity from the project, causing investors to lose their funds and the prices tanking.
  4. Pump and Dump Schemes: Here, a group of investors artificially inflate the price of a Web3 asset and then sell it at a profit, leaving other investors with a loss.
  5. Smart Contract Hacks: Smart contracts are self-executing contracts with the terms of the agreement between buyer and seller being directly written into code. Hackers exploit vulnerabilities in smart contracts to steal funds or manipulate transactions.

These are just a few examples of the many types of Web3 fraud and scams that Web3 forensics experts are fighting against.

What Does Web3 Forensics Include?

Web3 forensics involves various tools and analysis techniques to thoroughly analyze blockchain transactions, metadata, and other digital artifacts. Those include:

  1. Blockchain Analysis: This technique traces transactions on the blockchain to identify patterns and anomalies that could indicate fraudulent activities. This is done with the help of advanced data visualization and machine learning algorithms.
  2. Metadata Analysis: By thoroughly examining the metadata associated with transactions on the blockchain, Web3 forensics experts can identify the entities involved and their relationships. This technique can uncover the source of fraudulent activities and trace the movement of funds.
  3. Transaction Tracing: In this technique, experts trace the movement of funds on the blockchain to identify the origin and destination of transactions. This method can help identify fraudulent activities and recover stolen funds.
  4. Smart Contract Analysis: Smart contracts are self-executing contracts with terms directly written into code. Web3 forensics experts comprehensively examine smart contract code to identify vulnerabilities and potential security risks that scammers could exploit.
  5. Social Engineering Analysis: This technique involves analyzing the tactics used by scammers to manipulate users into giving up their private keys or passwords. By identifying common patterns and behaviors scammers use, Web3 forensics experts can develop effective strategies to prevent future scams.

Web3 forensics is an essential component of maintaining trust. By utilizing various tools and techniques, experts can prevent fraud and scams, thereby protecting the integrity of the blockchain ecosystem.

As the Web3 ecosystem grows, reliable Web3 forensics tools will become even more critical in ensuring a safe and trustworthy environment for users to participate in decentralized, trustless interactions.

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